|May 19, 2023|
12 volt power supply and DC UPS for use in cars and buses, 3 amp
Vehicle battery backup system. 12 volt DC UPS module keeps 12 volt equipment alive in cars. buses and taxis using an external sealed lead acid battery and acts as a battery back-up (BBU).
Battery backups for buses, emergency vehicles and vehicle instrumentation
Click here for the 12 amp version.
Click here for the 24V 12A car UPS controller
This little gadget solves several problems for electronics in cars and buses.
First it allows you to charge an external lead acid battery from the car's electrical bus.
Second it isolates the extra battery from the vehicle so it won't be discharged by the car electronics, and it won't try to participate in starting the car.
Third it powers your equipment in the car using the car electrical system, but switches to external battery power when the car's battery is stolen, or drops below a predetermined voltage due to engine cranking. No need to run an extra sense wire to the ignition system.
Fourth, it prevents the external battery from being over-discharged, keeping it from being damaged.
Fifth, it prevents your equipment from running the vehicles's battery down so the car can't be started. In one configuration it cuts off the car's battery when the voltage gets below 13.1 volts, then switches over to the external battery, in other words it switches over to the auxiliary battery when the engine is shut off and the alternator stops.
In another configuration the crossover voltage is lower, say 12.0 volts. This allows your equipment to run off the car's battery but cut off while the car's main battery still has enough power to safely start the engine.
To solve these problems we invented this automotive uninterruptible power supply control module, or car battery backup system. The idea is that you can connect the module to the car's electrical bus and it will charge an external 12 volt lead acid battery of your choice. Your equipment, which can be a small computer, telemetry equipment, or a car alarm, is connected to the module. This equipment runs off the automobile's electrical bus until the voltage of the bus drops below a preset voltage, the "N" voltage (from 13.1 to 11.9 volts, depending on your needs). Then the external battery takes over. When the external battery drops below the "P" preset voltage (Between 10 volts and 3 volts depending on your requirements) the power is cut off to either prevent damage to the external battery or to run your equipment as long as possible.
The PST-DC-UPS-1212 can be ordered with a range of "N" and "P" values, as explained in the following table.
Hook up diagram:
3-D CAD of the potting shell.
The charge current depends on both the car voltage and the state of charge of the battery. When the car is running the blue curve applies. Questions and Answers
1. Q: My application needs more pass-through current, what can I do?
A: We have a new module with power up to 120 watts. Click here for details .
2. Q: When the module turns off because both batteries are below their set points when does the module turn back on.
A: The module turns back on only when the car's voltage is restored to the proper charge voltage. A new auxiliary battery won't turn the module back on.
3. Q: What do you have for 24 volt systems?
A: Use the 24 volt version of the 10 Amp backup module which will use 24 volt auxiliary batteries in a 24 volt vehicle.
4. Q: I need a signal to tell me what the status of the UPS, whether it is on the main circuit, the auxiliary battery, or turned off.
A: Consider using the PST-DC-UPS-1212-5A, which signals the UPS status by sourcing 300 mA at 12V to run LEDs, relays, etc.
5. Q: I am charging a very small battery with this, the 400 mA charge rate is too high according to the battery manufacturer.
A. The charge algorithm used is kind to the batteries even when the maximum charge rate is over the C/3 rate specified by the battery manufacturers. For more information click on this link.
6. Do I have to run a sense wire up to the ignition system?
'A. No need to run an extra sense wire to the ignition system. The switching occurs when voltage levels are sensed, so no sense wires are needed.
The PowerStream UPS was a chance, lucky find. In spite of my electrical knowledge shortcomings, the system adapted beautifully to my Brammo Empulse R electric bike, - Im sure the only such application to any Brammo model bike. The system does everything as advertised and despite my misgivings about the UPS controller, the final version with adjusted set-points works perfectly even to charging the backup battery. I now have a continuous uninterrupted power source required by my Scorpio motorcycle alarm system and I managed to fit everything into probably the tightest of available spare space of any bike, electric or ICE. Thanks to you and crew for the patience and knowledge that made this project happen, and happy holidays to you all.
--RB in Port St. Lucie, FL